Stress Recognition: The word stress is derived directly from Latin and means impression, stress and fatigue. In Eastern philosophy, stress refers to the lack of inner peace, and in Western culture, stress is defined as the lack of emotional control.
Psychologists describe stress as a state of anxiety that results from events and responsibilities that diminish one’s ability to overcome them. This stress can be due to a good event such as a job promotion or a bad event such as a job loss. It is important that these events are not compatible with one’s current circumstances. Holistic psychologists have provided a more comprehensive definition: “Stress is the inability to perceive a real or imagined threat, for mental, physical, emotional, and psychological happiness that results in a series of psychological responses and adaptive mechanisms.” In this definition the word “perceived” means that one event can be stressful for one person and not for another. So people’s perception of events plays a role in causing stress. A comprehensive look at the issue of stress reflects the fact that stress does not only have a physical and psychological effect on a person and that different individuals respond to it. According to the responses people give to stress, its types can be divided into three main categories: acute stress, post-traumatic stress, chronic stress.
Recognize acute stress
The word “acute” refers to a sudden attack. Stress in this type involves a rapid response to a sudden, identifiable cause. It usually responds positively to interventions. Here, the symptoms of stress (such as anxiety and discomfort) increase rapidly and then decrease. For example, one experiences stress when faced with negative issues such as workplace conflict, starting a new job, changing work processes, or waiting for a contract extension.
Symptoms such as dry mouth, headache, palpitations, and cognitive problems are acute responses to a stressor. For most people experiencing acute stress, returning to normal is expected shortly.
Recognizing post-traumatic stress
When workplace accidents threaten the lives of people, a more persistent type of stress response is called “post-traumatic stress disorder”. Post-traumatic stress disorder is a delayed response to an acute stressful event or situation. This event usually endangers one’s life and is potentially the cause of negative stress in most people. The answers here are usually continuous. Anxiety and depression are common tendencies to suicide, panic, social personality disorder, and isolationism. Numerous factors can cause post-traumatic stress, including torture, rape, near-death events, war, or witnessing something terrible.
Recognizing chronic stress
Unlike most events that contribute to acute stress and post-traumatic stress, chronic stress is a cumulative reaction to pressures created over a long period of time. Such responses gradually develop and grow slowly. Persistent internal reactions to external situations, when there is no ability to cope, are the best definition of chronic stress. Unlike acute stress, which returns to normal within a short period of time, there are persistent physical and psychological symptoms of chronic stress.